Title 1

Title 1

What is Title 1?

Most educators, parents and community members have heard the term Title 1 School. Title 1 is the nation's oldest and largest federally funded program, according to the U.S. Department of Education. Originally, the idea of Title 1 was enacted in 1965 under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. This policy committed to closing the achievement gap between low-income students and other student.

What is the Purpose of Title 1 Funding?

The purpose of Title 1 funding, “is to ensure that all children have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high quality education and reach, at minimum, proficiency on challenging state academic achievement standards and state academic assessments."

The basic principles of Title 1 state that schools with large concentrations of low-income students will receive supplemental funds to assist in meeting student's educational goals. Low-income students are determined by the number of students enrolled in the free and reduced lunch program. For an entire school to qualify for Title 1 funds, at least 40% of students must enroll in the free and reduced lunch program.

How are Title 1 Funds Used?

How to use Title 1 funds rests with each school. Title 1 funds can be used to improve curriculum, instructional activities, counseling, parental involvement, increase staff and program improvement. The funding should assist schools in meeting the educational goals of low-income students. Title 1 funds typically support supplemental instruction in reading and math.


Title 1 is a Federal aid program through which most Ohio school districts receive funding to provide supplemental instruction for those students who qualify. The allocation of funds for each school district is based on a legislative formula dependent upon the distribution of low-income children and state per-pupil expenditures. However, Title 1 services are provided for all children who qualify as needing assistance in language arts or mathematics regardless of income.

Beginning with the primary grades, service is directed to students meeting specific selection criteria. Focused assessment throughout the school year provides an ongoing record of student progress, which enables our teachers to tailor instruction to meet the specific needs of each child.


Children are expected to achieve at a faster rate with the help and support of Title 1 instruction. This type of supplemental instruction helps over 100,000 Ohio students annually to improve their basic reading and mathematics skills. Research indicates that about nine of every ten students participating in Title 1 programs make gains in their academic achievement.


The Title 1 Program focuses on reading, math and/or language arts intervention and is designed to supplement services to students using a variety of models:

• Limited pullout, in which children are removed from their classrooms (usually on a daily basis) for a limited period of time for intensive instruction;

• In-class, in which Title 1 children receive extra assistance in the same setting and time period as their regular class.

Schoolwide Program

1. What is a Schoolwide Title I Program?

Schools with at least 40% low income families can develop a Schoolwide Title I Plan. This plan offers special programs and services to address the needs of struggling students. Frequent progress monitoring and assessment data is used to make instructional decisions. High quality instruction and interventions that use proven and appropriate methods and materials are implemented. The plan is revised and evaluated each year with input from building parents, teachers and administrators. Grandview, Fawn, and Fairmount are Schoolwide Title I buildings.

2. What is a Targeted Assisted Title I Program?

Assessment data is used to identify struggling readers in need of extra instruction in addition to and aligned with the core reading program.

3. How are students selected?

At the beginning of each school year, a needs assessment determines which students would benefit most from Title I services. It includes assessment data along with teacher and parent recommendation. Grade level expectations and performance data are analyzed to determine the type of intervention that is necessary for the student to master grade level skills.

4. When and where does instruction take place?

Title I students receive in-class assistance or intensive small group instruction from a highly qualified reading specialist and/or highly qualified paraprofessional during the regular school day. Struggling readers are given more time for intensive instruction in order to close the achievement gap.

5. What are reading interventions?

Reading interventions are proven and appropriate programs and methods designed to address the needs of struggling readers. The goal of an intervention is to stop reading failure so that grade level skills can be mastered. This is accomplished by direct and explicit instruction in addition to the regular classroom reading program.

6. What is Title I Night?

Title I Night is an informative and entertaining evening program held each year for Title I families. Invitations are sent to every Title I family in the district and transportation is provided. There is entertainment, prizes and refreshments for the children while parents attend an informative meeting to:

  • Learn more about Title I programs and policies.
  • Learn about rights and responsibilities as a Title I parent.
  • Learn about parenting programs and literacy workshops.
  • Meet Title I staff.
  • Become involved in the education of their children.

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